Official names of localities (2012, 2015)


    The “Regulation of the Minister of Administration and Digitization of 13 December 2012 on the List of Official Names of Localities and Their Parts” was published in the Journal of Laws on 13th February 2013. This is the second official list of names of all localities situated within the Polish territory in the country’s history. The previous official list was published in the years 1980 to 1982. The “List…” contains 103,225 names of localities and their parts, including: 908 names of cities and towns, 43,051 names of villages, 6,708 names of parts of cities and towns, 36,349 names of parts of villages, 5,136 names of settlements, and 4,641 names of hamlets of villages. The number of independent localities (i.e cities and towns, villages, colonies, hamlets, housing estates and settlements) amounts to 51,454, which corresponds to a half of the total number of names (49.8%).


List of official names of localities and their parts, 2012 (PDF, 18 MB)
List of official names of localities and their parts, 2012 (XLSX, 6 MB)


    The new edition of the “List...” was published in the Journal of Laws on 19th October 2015 as the “Announcement of the Minister of Administration and Digitization of 4 August 2015 on the List of Official Names of Localities and Their Parts”. This new “List…” contains 103,086 official names of localities and their parts, including: 915 names of cities and towns, 43,068 names of villages, 6,710 names of parts of cities and towns, 36,263 names of parts of villages, 5,132 names of settlements, and 4,619 names of hamlets of villages.



    Both lists have been issued pursuant to the provisions of the “Act of 19th August 2003 on Official Names of Localities and Physiographic Objects”, effective as of 7th October 2003 (Journal of Laws of 2003, No. 166, item 1612). The act sets out, among others, the rules and procedure of establishing, changing and abolishing official names of localities and their parts. It also specifies the types of localities, and the procedure for publishing lists of official names of localities and their parts.
    The preparative works on the “List…” of 2012 were based on the “List of Official Names of Localities in Poland” published in 1980-82 along with all its amendments introduced after its publication via regulations (orders) of the minister competent for public administration announced in the Journals of Laws and Official Gazettes of Poland. The last ones to be considered were the changes coming into effect as of 1st January 2012.
 
    Both lists have been arranged as a table with eight columns. The first one provides the official name of a locality or a part thereof. All names in the list have been put in alphabetical order; in case of homonym names, priority was established pursuant to the alphabetical order of the voivodships they belong to (or, if this resulted inconclusive, the alphabetical order of the respective counties and communes). Where identical names of localities occurred within a single commune, they were arranged according to the alphabetical order of the locality type. Where identical names of parts of villages occurred within a single commune, they were put in the alphabetical order of the names of localities they form part of. The same principles applied to colonies and hamlets.
    In the second column, the official type of the locality is provided. In the list, 23 types of localities are distinguished:
    – city/town [miasto],
    – part of a city/town [część miasta],
    – village [wieś],
    – part of a village [część wsi],
    – housing estate [osiedle],
    – housing estate of a village [osiedle wsi],
    – colony [kolonia],
    – part of a colony [część kolonii],
    – colony of a village [kolonia wsi],
    – colony of a colony [kolonia kolonii],
    – colony of a settlement [kolonia osady],
    – settlement [osada],
    – part of a settlement [część osady],
    – settlement of a village [osada wsi],
    – settlement of a colony [osada kolonii],
    – settlement of a settlement [osada osady],
    – hamlet [przysiółek],
    – hamlet of a village [przysiółek wsi],
    – hamlet of a colony [przysiółek kolonii],
    – hamlet of a settlement [przysiółek osady],
    – forest settlement [osada leśna],
    – forest settlement of a village [osada leśna wsi],
    – tourist refuge [schronisko turystyczne].
    The third, fourth and fifth columns provide the administrative affiliation of the locality to a commune, county and voivodship. A seven-digit identifier of locality from the National Official Register of the Territorial Division of the Country (TERYT) is provided in the sixth column.
    The seventh column provides the genitive ending for names of all localities, while the last one features a derived adjective, however, only for cities, towns and villages.
    For genitive forms of one-word names, if the full name is composed of two or more syllables in its genitive form, the inflectional ending is preceded by the preceding consonant or group of consonants and by a hyphen (with no space), for example BiałaBiałej (the word stem is biał-, and the ending is -ej), so the genitive form is provided in the list in the following way: -łej, Wólka Wólki: -ki, Spaliska Spalisk: -lisk. Where alternations (quantitative or qualitative) affecting the word stem appear, such an alternation has been clearly marked, for example: Ujków Ujkowa: -kowa, Ostrów Ostrowa: -rowa. Where the genitive form is monosyllabic, the full name form is provided, for example Słoje Słoi: Słoi, and if a double consonant appears in the genitive form, it is also marked, for example Kamienna Kamiennej: -nnej.
    For genitives of composed names with no hyphen, the rules are similar to the ones for simple names, and the following pattern applies: -ending of the first component (space) -ending of the second component, for example Sojczyn Borowy: -na -wego, Sorocza Nóżka: -czej -ki. For composed names spelt with a hyphen, the following pattern applies: -ending of the first component according to general rules (with no space) + - (hyphen) + full genitive form of the second component, for example Stawiereje-Michałowięta: -rej-Michałowiąt, Stokowo-Bućki: -wa-Bućków.

    Changes of the names given in the List of official names of localities and their parts are published annually, and they come into effect as of January 1st. They reflect changes in the names of localities, as well as changes in types of localities (the latter may also be caused by shifts in the administrative limits of cities and towns). Amendments to the “List…” are introduced in pursuance of regulations of the Minister of Administration and Digitization on establishing, changing and abolishing of official names of localities, as well as regulations of the Council of Ministers on changes of the boundaries of towns and cities (both announced in the Journals of Laws). 


The following regulations have been announced so far:

  • “Regulation of the Minister of Administration and Digitization of 20 December 2012 on Establishing, Changing and Abolishing Official Names of Certain Localities and Establishing Names of Certain Physiographic Objects” (Journal of Laws of 2012, item 1515), pursuant to which 14 new locality names have been established, 68 names have been changed (including 33 changes of the name, 6 changes of the name and type of locality, and 29 changes of the type of locality only), and 67 names have been abolished;
  • “Regulation of the Council of Ministers of 30 July 2013 on Establishing the Boundaries of Certain Communes and Towns, Grant the Status of Town for Certain Localities, and Change the Seat of the Commune Authority” (Journal of Laws of 2013, item 869), pursuant to which, as a result of granting localities the status of town and enlargement of boundaries of towns, 11 localities changed its type (5 for “town”, and 6 for “part of town”);
  • “Regulation of the Minister of Administration and Digitization of 13 December 2013 on Establishing, Changing and Abolishing Official Names of Certain Localities and Establishing the Name of a Physiographic Object” (Journal of Laws of 2013, item 1629), pursuant to which 13 new locality names have been established, 57 names have been changed (including 26 changes of the name, 7 changes of the name and type of locality, and 24 changes of the type of locality only), and 44 names have been abolished;
  • “Regulation of the Council of Ministers of 29 July 2014 on the Merger of Communes, Establishing the Boundaries of Certain Communes and Towns, Grant the Status of Town for Certain Localities, and Change the Seat of the Commune Authority” (Journal of Laws of 2014, item 1023), pursuant to which, as a result of granting localities the status of town and enlargement of boundaries of towns, 26 localities changed its type (2 for “town”, and 24 for “part of town”);
  • “Regulation of the Minister of Administration and Digitization of 4 December 2014 on Establishing, Changing and Abolishing Official Names of Certain Localities and Establishing Names of a Physiographic Objects” (Journal of Laws of 2014, item 1832), pursuant to which 5 new locality names have been established, 39 names have been changed (including 14 changes of the name, 4 changes of the name and type of locality, and 21 changes of the type of locality only), and 59 names have been abolished;
  • “Regulation of the Council of Ministers of 28 July 2015 on Establishing the Boundaries of Certain Towns, Grant the Status of Town for Certain Localities, and Establishing the Boundaries as well as Change Names and Seats of Authorities of Certain Communes” (Journal of Laws of 2015, item 1083), pursuant to which, as a result of granting localities the status of town and enlargement of boundaries of towns, 23 localities changed its type (4 for “town”, and 19 for “part of town”);
  • “Regulation of the Minister of the Interior and Administration of 17 December 2015 on Establishing, Changing and Abolishing Official Names of Certain Localities and Establishing the Name of a Physiographic Object” (Journal of Laws of 2015, item 2277), pursuant to which 13 new locality names have been established, 85 names have been changed (including 30 changes of the name, 5 changes of the name and type of locality, and 50 changes of the type of locality only), and 42 names have been abolished;
  • “Regulation of the Council of Ministers of 19 July 2016 on Establishing the Boundaries of Certain Communes and Towns, Grant the Status of Town for Certain Localities, and Change a Name of a Commune” (Journal of Laws of 2016, item 1134), pursuant to which, as a result of granting localities the status of town and enlargement of boundaries of towns, 29 localities changed its type (4 for “town”, and 25 for “part of town”);
  • “Regulation of the Minister of the Interior and Administration of 23 December 2016 on Establishing, Changing and Abolishing Official Names of Certain Localities and Physiographic Objects” (Journal of Laws of 2016, item 2251), pursuant to which 4 new locality names have been established, 87 names have been changed (including 43 changes of the name, 11 changes of the name and type of locality, and 33 changes of the type of locality only), and 85 names have been abolished.